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View or download the 2010 SC Cancer Report Card below.
To view the SC Cancer Report Card you will need Adobe Acrobat.

Full 2010 SC Cancer Report Card

By section
Front cover
Letter and Table of Contents
Executive Summary
Introduction and Rankings
Strategies for Cancer Prevention 
Breast
Cervical
Colorectal
Esophageal
Lung
Oral Cavity and Pharynx
Prostate
Partners and Resources
Methods and Key Resources
References
Appendices
Acknowledgements

For more information on the 2010 SC Cancer Report Card contact SCCA epidemiologist Ginie Daguise, PhD, at 803-545-4942

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 




View or download the 2004 SC Cancer Report Card at the bottom of this page.

 

1. What is the 2004 SC Cancer Report Card?
The report card was developed by the SC Cancer Alliance (SCCA) to provide a better understanding of where we are as a state regarding cancer mortality, incidence, prevention, early detection and racial disparities.

2. Will there be future report cards?
Yes, we intend to create future report card documents that will look at cancer in South Carolina. The next report card will focus on our resources in South Carolina and on the initiatives underway to fight the disease.

 
3. What do the grades mean and how were they calculated?
The grades compare South Carolinians to the US population. They were calculated using standard deviations from the US Mean. The grades given were A, B, C, D, and F. A grade of ‘C’ means that SC on average is doing the same as the US average. Grades of A’s and B’s mean that SC is doing better than the US and grades of D’s and F’s are worse. Each grade represents a standard deviation so a grade of ‘D’ means that SC’s rates are 1-2 standard deviations above the mean; age-adjusted rate is 1-2 standard deviations higher in South Carolina than the mean age-adjusted rate in the US.

 
4. Why did you choose those 19 cancers?
These cancers were chosen because SC had a high risk of dying from the cancer, getting the cancer or racial disparities in our state were very high.

 
5. Why does it look like there is not much of a difference between the bars on some charts but the grades are not C’s?
Sometimes it is difficult to see the difference between the SC and US rates in the bar charts. This happens when the difference although seemingly small are statistically different. The grades are based on standard deviations.

6. How can we improve on these statistics for incidence and mortality?
To improve the statistics we must begin with screening target populations and ensuring access to follow-up, care, and support services. We must promote cancer prevention by reducing tobacco use and encouraging healthy lifestyles. We also need medical, genetic, and epidemiologic research to identify why certain populations are at higher risk of getting or dying from a particular disease. We do not have all of the answers. Changes in incidence and mortality will take many years as cancer has a long latency period. As a matter of fact if we do a good job detecting cancers early we may see a slight rise in incidence initially.

 
7. How do I get a copy of the Report Card?
You can download an electronic copy at the bottom of this page or you can call the SCCA toll free: 1-866-745-5680.

 
TAKE HOME POINTS:
  • Almost 50% of deaths occurred in the top 3 cancers: lung, colorectal and breast; over 8,300 people died of cancer in 2002 in South Carolina.
  • South Carolinians have higher rates of smoking and obesity than the nation. SC has a higher percentage of people without healthcare than the nation’s average.
  • Racial disparities are evident in South Carolina. African-Americans have much higher rates of dying from breast (women), colorectal, esophageal, oral, and prostate cancers.
  • South Carolina for all cancers has a lower incidence rate (rate of new cancers) than the National average. The US rates for the year 2000 is 464.2 per 100,000 and for South Carolina it is 442.9 per 100,000. This earns us a grade of A among the 42 states. The difference between US and SC rates is more than 2 standard deviations above the mean.
  • South Carolina has a grade of ‘F’ for mortality. We do not know exactly why South Carolinian’s have higher that average rates of dying. Many factors are involved. On average South Carolinians have high levels of obesity and smoking. We also eat differently than other parts of the US. We also have a very rural population for which access to care is often a problem. We know that 14.5% of South Carolinians reported having no health Insurance in the past 12 months (BRFSS).
  • Death rates vary by cancer type because cancer is a multitude of diseases. They must each be looked at independently. Risk factors, availability of screening methods etc. are different for each cancer. Different populations (age, race, sex, etc.) are affected by different cancers, cell types etc.

Important Point:
We do ourselves a disservice by focusing on all causes. Cancer is a multitude of diseases and we should focus our efforts on individual cancers. In addition, the nation's rates by no means should be a gold standard. As a nation there is a lot we can do to reduce the burden of cancer. Simply with what we already know, without any new drugs or research, we could make a tremendous impact on cancer mortality and incidence.





Full SC Cancer Report Card
By section
Introduction and Table of Contents
Overall Grades for SC
Bladder
Brain
Breast (female)
Cervical
Colorectal
Esophageal
Kidney
Leukemia
Liver
Lung
Melanoma of the skin
Multiple Myeloma
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Oral
Ovarian
Pancreatic
Prostate
Stomach
Uterine (Corpus)
Childhood Cancers
Prevention
Early Detection
Disparities
Measuring Progress
Conclusion
Methods
References and Thanks

For more information on the SC Cancer Report Card contact SCCA Epidemiologist Ginie Daguise, PhD, at 803-545-4942